Patient Education — Lynbrook Smiles

All Porcelain Crowns – These modern crowns are very appealing. If you’re self-conscious about your smile due to cracked, broken, decayed, or worn teeth, we can bring back your healthy, natural-looking smile with dental crowns.

Bonding – Cosmetic bonding and contouring are procedures in which a tooth-colored material is applied layer by layer. Dr. Florio’s and Dr. Kohner’s artistic techniques of layering the material to the surface of the tooth aids in covering discoloration, repairing chips, breaks, and cracks, and closing gaps between teeth. Composite bonding is one of the most conservative, versatile, and affordable ways to aesthetically restore a multitude of cosmetic problems.

Bridges – If you have lost teeth due to accident, injury, or gum disease, we can create a permanent “bridge” appliance to replace the missing teeth. A fixed bridge will prevent teeth from shifting, and stabilize your bite.

Dentures – Dentures are removable, natural-looking replacement teeth. There are two types of dentures: Full and Partial.

Full dentures are for patients whose natural teeth have been removed. Partial dentures are attached to a metal frame, which is connected to your natural teeth. They are used to fill in the spaces where your permanent teeth have been removed. Partial dentures are considered a removable alternative to bridges.

How do I know if dentures are the right choice for me?

Dentures are not for everyone. To learn more about dentures, please schedule an appointment. Our team will be happy to answer any questions you may have, and determine the best course of treatment for your on-going dental health. When you have a full set of dentures, it’s important to keep your gums and tongue clean. Be sure to use a soft-bristled brush to gently clean your gums and tongue every day.

Mini-Implants– Mini-Implants are a one-step procedure that involve minor discomfort and provide greater denture stability.

Digital X-Rays – Digital X-rays are a new, fast, and precise way for Doctors Florio and Kohner to see inside your mouth. Digital X-ray sensors are used instead of the traditional photographic film. This makes the process more time efficient and produces clearer images for the dentist. Digital X-rays use up to 90 percent less radiation than traditional X-rays, making the procedure much safer for the patient.

Headache Relief – If you suffer from migraine headaches, Doctors Florio and Kohner may be able to help you. Stress and tension cause some people to clench their jaws, resulting in severe head, neck and shoulder pain.

NTI is an FDA approved Tension Suppression System which fits to your teeth. It’s worn at night to help reduce the intense muscle contractions in your scalp and jaw, which can cause migraines and jaw pain. Studies have shown that NTI can reduce the intensity of jaw clenching by over 60 percent, reducing the number and frequency of headaches.

Intraoral Camera – This state-of-the-art technology provides visual evidence to help Doctors Florio and Kohner determine which treatment will be most beneficial for you.

Lumineers – Due to their ultra thin and highly translucent design, lumineers can replicate the natural appearance of enamel. As a result of their unique design, little to no tooth reduction is necessary, making it a pain-free procedure. The durability of Lumineers allows them to resist wear and retain their natural appearance for years to come. They are a great way to reshape and/or whiten your worn, broken, and/or discolored teeth into a natural, beautiful smile.

Onlays and Inlays – Strong, attractive and safe alternatives to metal fillings. The require less removal of the tooth structure and are colored to match your tooth.

Periodontal Treatments – If you’ve been diagnosed with gum disease, there are a variety of treatment options available to you.

We always start with the least invasive option. The first treatment is a cleaning called “scaling and root planning.” With this treatment an ultrasonic cleaning device is used to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth under the gum line. The rough surface of the tooth and the root are smoothed out (planed), resulting in a healthy, clean surface that makes it easier for the gum tissue to re-attach to the tooth. If the tissue or bone surrounding your teeth is too damaged to be repaired with non-surgical treatment, several surgical procedures are available to prevent severe damage and restore a healthy smile. We will recommend the procedure that is best suited to the condition of your teeth and gums.

Porcelain Veneers – Porcelain Veneers are custom-made, tooth-colored covers. They are used to close gaps or cover teeth that are stained, crooked, or misshapen. When applied properly to your teeth, they can give you a beautiful new smile. Veneers are very durable, non-traditional “caps.” The formation, and fitting, of them can be completed in a few short visits.

Restoration of Dental Implants – Dental implants are a secure, functional replacement option for the loss of a patient’s permanent teeth.

A total loss of teeth can present some unique complications. Some of the more common problems include:

  • Extreme loss of the underlying bone
  • Loss of facial tissue support
  • Inability to chew food properly
  • Pain or dysfunction of the jaws or joints
  • Difficulty in adapting psychologically to artificial teeth
  • Difficulties in getting artificial teeth to fit or function comfortably
  • Removable Partial Dentures

The partial loss of only a few teeth may be treated by a removable partial denture rather than having a fixed bridge (non-removable).

The decision as to which is preferred or necessary is dependent on several important factors that must be carefully examined, such as:

  • Bone support of remaining teeth
  • Condition of the remaining teeth
  • The way in which the teeth function
  • The overall general health of the patient

Root Canal Therapy – Under the enamel of a tooth lays a soft tissue called the “pulp.” The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue, which aid in growing the root of your tooth during development. When the pulp becomes infected, or irreversibly inflamed, root canals are used to save the tooth and relieve any pain the patient is experiencing. Dr. Florio and Dr. Kohner have extensive experience with root canals, ensuring that you will have a painless experience.

Soft Tissue Management – Soft tissue management is necessary when a patient’s gums and root surfaces are infected, this is referred to as Periodontal disease. (read about our Periodontal Therapy). These diseases are a result of bacteria on the tooth surface, both above and below the gum line. The bacteria can destroy the gum tissue and bone. In order to eliminate the infection, each patient will receive a personalized plan.

To maintain optimal tissue health, Dr. Florio and Dr. Kohner will:

  • Remove tartar and plaque below the gum
  • Detoxify the root surfaces where the disease occurs
  • Obtain smooth roots
  • Flush out the pockets to allow for healthy reattachment of the gums to the root surfaces

For patients who need additional periodontal treatment we offer Arestin®, which is an effective antibiotic treatment. Arestin is placed inside infected periodontal pockets immediately after your scaling and root planing procedure. The antibiotic is released over time into the infected periodontal pocket, killing bacteria that live there and eliminating the infection.

  • Our goals of soft tissue management are:
  • Gums that do not bleed
  • Fresh breath and taste
  • Re-attachment of gum tissue to tooth surface
  • Smooth tooth surface
  • Flush out bacteria in pockets
  • Reduce pocket depths
  • Control periodontal disease

Teeth Whitening – There are many choices available for patients who want to achieve a brighter smile. The best, and easiest, way to decide which method is best for you is to schedule an appointment with Dr. Florio or Dr. Kohner. They will speak with you about the different options, and can provide insights into the differences between in-office professional whitening and at-home whitening.

In-Office Teeth Whitening

An In-Office procedure where whitening gel is applied to the surface of the patient’s teeth. Office visits generally takes about 90 minutes, you will be able to see immediate results.

Kor Whitening – KöR® Whitening Deep Bleaching System can restore the beauty of your smile in just two weeks, with results that can last a lifetime.

Over the years, food stains can work their way into the enamel of your teeth. KöR Whitening Deep Bleaching System provides a thorough removal of stains from your enamel, rejuvenating your teeth with amazing whiteness. Oxygen from the KöR whitening gel is absorbed deeply into the tooth, dissolving stains at the molecular level. Discover the benefits of KöR Whitening!

During your visit to our office, we make a mold of your teeth and create a set of thin, form-fitting, KöR Whitening Trays. You only need to wear your trays, filled with KöR patented bleaching gel, while you sleep, so they won’t interfere with your lifestyle. With a final in-office whitening session, your treatment will be complete and your smile will be the ideal shade of white that’s just right for you.

TMJ Exam (neuromuscular) – Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder or Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) can cause a wide variety of mild to severe symptoms. The symptoms can range from jaw clicking and minor discomfort to sharp pain in your temple, ear, jaw, and teeth. In some cases it can “lock” your jaw open or closed, or dislocate the jaw altogether. The TMJ is the joint that connects the lower jaw (the mandible) to your skull, near the ear. When this joint becomes irritated and inflamed, it can be extremely painful to move, making chewing and talking difficult. This becomes a TMD or disorder of the joint.

A few symptoms associated with TMD are:

  • Headaches
  • Aches in the face
  • Toothaches
  • Pain in the jaw joints or on jaw movement
  • Ear pain, tinnitus and ear pressure
  • Neck, back, shoulder, and chest pain

Dr. Florio and Dr. Kohner thoroughly screen and evaluate patients who show symptoms of TMD. They are trained to detect abnormalities in jaws/joints and muscles using the latest technology. If TMD is detected in a patient, Doctors Florio and Kohner will create an individualized treatment plan to rid the patient of TMD. They have extensive knowledge and experience with neuromuscular dentistry, setting them apart from other dentists in the area.

Causes of TMD include grinding, clenching, and a bad bite. As a result, the muscles that control the jaw are overworked, fatigued, and go into spasm, causing pain for the patient.

To remedy the situation, an appliance can be made to wear over the teeth that will allow the muscles to rest and reduce the symptoms. Medications, massaging of the muscles, moist heat, and even physical therapy may help reduce the pain.

If you experience any of the above symptoms do not ignore, or attempt to cope with them on your own. TMD can get worse, without warning, resulting in permanent damage to the joint, which may require surgery. Your best option is to call our office immediately for an evaluation so that we can get you on the road to recovery and relief.

Tooth Colored Fillings – In the dental industry, there’s an ongoing debate regarding the pros and cons of using silver fillings (dental amalgams) to fill cavities. In our office, we do not use dental amalgams. Instead, we exclusively use composite resins for several reasons. Composite resins are:

  • The newest and best alternative
  • Natural looking
  • Better protection for your teeth

Composite resins eliminate all the shortcomings of the old fashioned silver fillings. They seal the teeth more efficiently and insulate against hot and cold.

Veneers – Veneers can easily correct your teeth’s imperfections including gaps, chips, or stains. They have a natural appearance and will give you have a more confident, beautiful smile. They are a perfect option for patients wanting to make minor adjustments to the look and feel of their smile.

Veneers are thin, custom-made shells made from tooth-colored materials such as porcelain or composite. They are designed to cover the facial surfaces of your teeth. During the preparation process, your doctor will create a unique model of your teeth, which is sent to an outside dental laboratory. A dental technician will fabricate your veneers based off of the model they have received. Once Doctor Florio or Doctor Kohner has received the finished product, they will place your final veneers, evaluating and adjusting them to ensure the optimal fit and color.

Veneers are stain-resistant. However, it is recommended that you avoid coffee, tea, red wine, and tobacco to maintain the beauty of your new smile.